The state of Florida requires that drivers get out of the way or slow down for emergency vehicles stopped on a roadway. The state's work related to the law and the effort to raise awareness about it is called the "Move Over Campaign."
Florida's move over law became effective in July of 2002. It requires that on two-lane roads, drivers slow to 20 miles per hour under the posted speed limit when an emergency vehicle is stopped. If the speed limit is 20 miles per hour or less, then drivers must slow to 5 miles per hour. On multi-lane roads, you must get out of the lane in which there is an emergency vehicle and move over to a safe lane. If you can't move over, you must slow down to 20 miles per hour below the posted speed limit. Violators of the law can be cited, fined, or have points added to a driver's license.
Over the past two months, three Florida Highway Patrol troopers have been struck while working on the highway. Between 1996-2000 working law enforcement vehicles were crashed into 1,793 times in Florida, causing 419 injuries and 5 deaths.
Currently 40 states have move over laws. According to a National Mason Dixon poll, 71 percent of Americans haven't heard of move over laws. 86 percent of those polled favored enacting move over laws. 90 percent of those polled thought traffic stops and emergencies on the road are dangerous to law enforcement.